4 day Inca Trail + compass

Summary of Peru

All you need to know about Peru, Cusco, events happening in Cusco - if there is something you need to know, contact us, and we'll be happy to share our knowledge and expertise with you when you are planning your trip.


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Geographical Location
  • In the central and western part of South America facing the Pacific Ocean on the West.
  • A total of 496,220 square miles, divided into three main geographic areas: the Coast, the Highlands and the Jungle.
Population
  • 26.5 million of the following ethnic groups: Europeans, Oriental, African, Indoamerican.
  • In Lima: 7.5 million.
Time Zone
  • GMT-5 hours (No change during the Summer).
Language
  • Spanish with 80% literacy rate. Quechua is also an official language. Aymara is spoken by people around lake Titicaca and dozens of languages are spoken by the native inhabitants of the Amazon basin.
Religion
  • Roman Catholic: 95%. Protestant and others: 5%.
Climate
  • Coast:
    Winter (May-October) average: 14ºC / 57ºF Summer (November-April) average: 27ºC / 81ºF
  • Highlands:
    Temperatures range from 18ºC / 64ºF during the day to 3ºC / 37º F at night. The rainy season lasts from December to March.
  • Jungle:
    Hot and humid, with sporadic rains all year round.
Currency
  • The official currency of Peru is the Nuevos Soles (S/.) which is divided into 100 cents.
  • US Dollars are accepted in most commercial establishments, restaurants and service stations, at the current exchange rate.
  • Credit cards widely accepted: VISA, Diners, Master Card, American Express.
  • Travel cheques may be cashed in main hotels. US Dollars exchange can be made at hotels and banks and also in our company.
Entry Requirements
  • Visas are not usually required for citizens of most countries in the Americas and Western Europe - in these cases they are authorised to stay up to 90 days. Enquire with the Peruvian consular representation in your country if you need further information.
  • Yellow fever inoculation required for those visiting some areas of the Amazon basin. Passengers travelling through Peru to Brazil also require yellow fever vaccine.
  • Present to the Immigration officer the International Embarkation / Disembarkation Card (given to the traveller in the airplane or at the Immigration Stand in the border area you are coming through). Keep the card, since you will have to turn it in when you leave the country. If you lose it you will have to pay a fine equivalent to US$ 4,00.
Voltage
  • 220 volts.
  • Major hotels have 110 volts outlets.
Communications
  • Telephone: International and long distance national calls can be made from public pay phones. Country and city codes are normally shown in the telephone booths.

     

    Public phones take coins as well as cards, which are sold in stands and supermarkets. Make sure you are buying the card corresponding to the telephone company of the phone you want to use. No collect calls can be made from pay phones.
  • Internet:
    The main cities in the country do have public Internet booths.
Health Matters
  • Only drink bottled or previously boiled water.
  • Be careful with raw vegetables and fruits.
  • Avoid eating from street vendors.
  • Rest on the first day of your arrival to the Highlands, and consume light meals to prevent altitude illness (soroche). Drinking "coca tea" is recommended.
  • If you travel to the Highlands or to the Jungle, make sure to carry insect repellent and a raincoat.
  • To obtain medical services, contact the staff of your hotel or ourselves.
Banking
  • Banking hours in Peru are normally from Monday to Friday, from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. In addition, most banks open for the public half day on Saturdays.
  • In the streets of the main cities there are teller machines installed by the different banks.
Holidays
  • New Years day, January 1
  • Good Friday
  • Easter Sunday
  • Labor day, May 1
  • Inti Raymi, June 24, (Cusco only)
  • St. Peter and St. Paul, June 29
  • Independence day, July 28 and July 29
  • Santa Rosa's day, August 30
  • Battle of Angamos, October 8
  • All Saints, November 1
  • Immaculate Conception, December 8
  • Christmas day, December 25